Description of the active substance:
This information is a reference and it is not enough that the drug has been prescribed by a doctor ..
The second-line anti-tuberculosis drug is close to ethionamide by its chemical structure. It acts bacteriostatically. Between the protionamide and ethionamide there is complete cross-resistance.
After oral administration, the protionamide is well absorbed from the digestive tract. C max in blood plasma is achieved after 2 hours. It is widely distributed in tissues and body fluids, including cerebrospinal fluid. Metabolized with the formation of 2 metabolites - active sulfoxide and inactive. It is excreted in urine, less than 1% in the form of unchanged substance.
Tuberculosis (with resistance to therapy or intolerance of drugs I series).
For oral administration in adults, use in an initial dose of 250 mg 3 times / day, then - 500 mg 2 times / day. For children, the daily dose is 10-20 mg / kg.
On the part of the digestive system: nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, hypersalivation, metallic taste in the mouth, impaired liver function.
From the side of the central nervous system and the peripheral nervous system: sleep disturbances, arousal, depression, anxiety; rarely - dizziness, drowsiness, headache, asthenia; in isolated cases - peripheral neuropathy, optic neuritis.
From the side of the cardiovascular system: postural hypotension, tachycardia.
Acute gastritis, peptic ulcer of stomach and duodenum, erosive-ulcerative colitis, acute hepatitis, liver cirrhosis, pregnancy.
PREGNANCY AND LACTATION
Contraindicated in pregnancy.
If it is necessary to use during the lactation period, the question of stopping breastfeeding should be solved.
APPLICATION FOR VIOLATIONS OF THE FUNCTION OF KIDNEYS
Contraindicated in acute hepatitis, cirrhosis.
Use with caution in severe violations of liver function. During the treatment it is necessary to monitor the function of the liver at least 1 time per month.
APPLICATION FOR CHILDREN
For children, the daily dose is 10-20 mg / kg.
During the treatment it is necessary to monitor the function of the liver at least 1 time per month.
Use with caution in patients with diabetes mellitus, with severe violations of the liver.
With simultaneous application with isoniazid, the level of protionamide in the blood plasma increases.