Sodium hydrogen (natrii hydrocarbonas)


SODIUM GIDROKARBONAT (Natrii hydrocarbonas).
     Synonyms : Sodium bicarbonate, Sodium bicarbonate, Soda dvuuglekislaya, Natrium bicarbonicum, Natrium hydrocarbonicum, Sodium bicarbonate.
     The white crystalline powder odourless, salted alkaline taste. Mg in water (1:2) with the formation of alkaline solution (pH 5% solution of 8 1), almost nerastvorim of alcohol. Aqueous solutions are sterilized at a temperature of 120 + 'C for 12 min (in sealed bottles with the addition of stabilizers).
     Applied in various diseases involving expressed disorders (diabetes, infection, etc.) to combat disorders with surgical intervention, etc.
     Widespread use of sodium hydrogen (as well as other alkali) is a tool antatsidnoe elevated gastric juice acidity, gastric ulcers and duodenal ulcers.
     Sometimes using sodium hydrogen in the form of intravenous drip infusions or rectum candles in hypertensive disease, symptoms of renal hypertension and chronic renal failure. The effect of an increase in the allocation of sodium and chlorine ions and increased osmotic diureza. It has been observed that in the face of sodium gidrokarbonata increased hypotensive effect of drugs (drugs rauvolfii etc.).
     Sodium hydrogen also facilitates the phenomenon a "movement" (Maritime and vozduschnaya disease).
     In connection with that drug caused increased blood alkaline reserves shifts in the alkaline side reaction of bronchial mucus and makes less viscous sputum, its use as extraordinary means.
     Locally (in the form of mouthwashes, washery) designate solutions of sodium gidrokarbonata with inflammatory diseases of eyes, mucous membranes and upper respiratory tract infections etc., and if they come into contact mucous membranes and skin acids.
     Applied sodium hydrogen inside, intravenously, in the candlelight, for the enema and local (as solutions).
     When administered medicine quickly neutralizes hydrochloric acid and gastric juice has expressed antatsidny effect. It should, however, bear in mind that when neutralize hydrochloric acid, sodium hydrogen allocated carbon dioxide, which is bringing the action on gastric mucous membrane receptors, increased allocation gastrina and may cause secondary increased secretions. Moreover, the application of high doses can antatsida excess skin to the blood and cause acid violation of state.
     Often sodium hydrogen appointed with holinoliticheskimi means (see Pills "Bekarbon"), coating, and other absorbent materials (see Pills "Vikair" pills "Vikalin" etc.), while increasing their clinical effectiveness, reduced side effects .
     More recently, the use of funds received as antiulcer medication new groups (see Tsimetidin and its analogues, Pirentsepin, Sukralfat etc.).
     Assign sodium hydrogen inside adult for 0,5-1, 0 g several times a day; Children, depending on the age of 0,1 - 0,75 g per reception. Intravenous drip impose 1%; 3%; 4% or 5% solution; In candlelight appoint 0.3; 0.5; 0.7 g.
     In rhinitis, conjunctivitis, stomatitis, laryngitis, etc., apply to rinse, wash, inhalation 0.5-2% solution of sodium gidrokarbonata (see Pills "Bikarmint"). The water solution (2%) used for washing the skin, mucous membranes of eyes and upper respiratory tract, if swallowed them acids, irritating or poisonous substances.
     In a candle, sodium hydrogen used against sickness with sea and air sickness.
     To correct metabolic acidosis (with infection, intoxication, kidney disease, general anesthesia, in the aftercare period, etc.) designate sodium hydrogen inside or intravenously. When disorders are inside 3 - 5 g; You can also write anti-drip enema (4% solution). When expressed disorders recommended intravenous 50-100 ml of 3 - 5% solution (adults). Enter as many as 100 to 200 ml of 4, 5% solution, as ostrorazvivayuschemsya disorders for 50-100 ml 8, 4% solution. In the treatment process should study acids are of blood.
     When using sodium gidrokarbonata should keep in mind that long introduction in the body can lead to alkalozu (sometimes nekompensirovannomu), accompanied by loss of appetite, nausea, vomiting, pain, anxiety, headaches, and severe cases tetanicheskimi convulsions. Perhaps more AD. When using candles are easy aperient effect, and sometimes herbs to a chair, diarrhea; Some patients may take gas in the gut (stomach exist, move).
     Method of issuance : powder; Tablets of 0.3 and 0.5 g; 4% solution in 20 mL ampoules; Candles (5 pieces in a package) with 0.3, 0.5 and 0.7 g sodium gidrokarbonata.
     Storage : powder-well ukuporennoy packaging; Candles and tablets in a dry, the dark spot.
     R p. : Natrii hydrocarbonatis
     Ma gnesii subcarbonatis aa 0.25
     F. M. pulv.
     D.t.d. N. 20
     S. On powder 1 2 -3 times a day
     Rp. : Natrii hydrocarbonatis
     Natrii tetraboratis aa 6 0
     Natrii chloridi 3 0
     Me ntholi 0.04
     F. M. pulv.
     D.S. At one teaspoonful at a glass of warm style (to rinse)
     Rp. : Sol. Natrii hydrocarbonatis 4% 20 ml
     D.t.d. N. in ampull 10.
     S. For intravenous infusion
     Rp. : Supp. cum Natrio hydrocarb on nate 0.5 N. 10
     D.S. On one candle 2 times a day (morning and night)

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