Universal reference book for medicines
Name of the preparation: BARIA SULFATE FOR X-RAY SURGERY (BARIYA SULPHATE)

Active substance: barium sulphate

Type: Radiopaque preparation for GI tract examination

Manufacturer: Chemical Plant.
L.Ya.Karpova (Russia)
Composition, form of production and packaging
Powder for the preparation of a suspension for ingestion of
1 can

barium sulfate 100 g

100 g - plastic glasses (60) - cardboard boxes.

100 g - plastic glasses (90) - cardboard boxes.

100 g - plastic glasses (120) - cardboard boxes.

INSTRUCTION FOR THE SPECIALIST.

Description of the drug approved by the manufacturer for the printed edition of 2011.

PHARMACHOLOGIC EFFECT

X-ray contrast medium.
It envelops the mucous membrane of the digestive tract and provides a clear image of the mucosal microrelief. Increases the contrast of the image during X-ray examinations of the gastrointestinal tract. The maximum contrast of the esophagus, stomach and duodenum is achieved immediately after ingestion, the small intestine - after 15-90 minutes (depending on the rate of gastric emptying and viscosity of the drug). The greatest visualization of the distal part of the small and large intestine depends on the position of the body and hydrostatic pressure.
PHARMACOKINETICS

Has low toxicity.
It is not absorbed from the gastrointestinal tract and does not enter the systemic circulation. Completely removed through the intestine 24-48 hours later.
INDICATIONS

- X-ray studies of the pharynx, esophagus, stomach and intestines (including the method of double contrasting).

DOSING MODE

Inside, for roentgenological examination of the pharynx, esophagus, stomach and small intestine;
barium sulfate for fluoroscopy is used in the form of an aqueous suspension prepared immediately before the radiographic examination. To prepare a suspension of powder, mix it with warm boiled or distilled water in a ratio of 2: 1 to 4: 1 for adults and 1: 1.5 to 1: 2 for children and mix thoroughly for 4-5 minutes (possibly using a mixer ), the dose for adults per study is 300 ml, for children 50-100 ml.
SIDE EFFECT

Allergic reaction, constipation;
The only cases of the so-called "barium" appendicitis are described.
When using gas-forming substances in the process of double contrasting - unpleasant sensations in the epigastric region.

CONTRAINDICATIONS

hypersensitivity;

- violation of the integrity of the walls of the gastrointestinal tract (suspicion of it);

esophagrachial fistulas;

- violation of swallowing;

- intestinal obstruction;

- Constipation;

- stenosis of the esophagus;

- bleeding from the organs of the gastrointestinal tract;

- condition after surgical interventions on the organs of the gastrointestinal tract;

- malabsorption syndrome;

- food allergy.

With caution: the general severe condition of the patient;
bronchial asthma.
PREGNANCY AND LACTATION

When pregnancy is not recommended.
If it is necessary to conduct a study during lactation, breast-feeding should be discontinued within 24 hours after the study.
SPECIAL INSTRUCTIONS

To carry out double contrasting in adults and older children (in young children, double contrasting is not advisable), just before the study, the patient is given, depending on the age, 1.5-3.5 g of baking soda (in solution or powder), which is quickly washed with a solution of 1- 3 g of citric acid.
The total volume of distilled water should not exceed 7-15 ml. Can be used to study intestinal motility in children. After oral administration, the suspension passes through the small intestine in children for 1-2 hours, which makes it possible to study the structure and motor function of the small intestine for a short time and, thus, to abandon special methods of its investigation. The duration of the passage of the suspension through the large intestine is 4 hours, which greatly reduces the time of examination of the intestine and reduces the radiation load by 2 times.
DRUG INTERACTION

Not noted.

TERMS OF RELEASE FROM PHARMACY

At the request of medical institutions.

TERMS AND CONDITIONS OF STORAGE

Shelf life - 5 years.

Do not use after the expiration date printed on the package.

The drug should be stored in a dry place.

Keep out of the reach of children.

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